Skin Infections - Examples

BACTERIAL

Impetigo is a skin infection caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus.  Highly contagious and very common in wrestling.  This bacteria is spread during skin to skin contact and skin contact to an infected surface (mat, equipment, etc.)


Symptoms:  Red sores that break open to form a honey yellow crust.


Treatment:  Depends on severity of infection.  No participation until athlete has been treated for 48 hours or until lesions heal.  Physicians release required.

VIRAL

Herpes is a skin infection caused by the herpes simplex Virus.  It is common in wrestling.  Transmition is through skin to skin contact.

Symptoms:  It looks like a rash made up of a cluster of blisters that commonly appear on face, neck, shoulders and arms.  

Treatment:  Rash usually last from 7-10 days.  Prescription often prescribed by physician. Reoccurrences may occur as the virus is dormant in your system.  No skin to skin contact with uninfected person while rash is still present.


FUNGAL

Ringworm is a rash caused by fungus that infects the skin (not a Parasite/worm).  Ringworm can be found on the skin (tinea corporis), foot (athlete’s foot) or in the groin (“jock itch”).


Symptoms:  A rash that is usually round with a raised border.  It starts small and slowly grows larger.  May itch and become scaly with some pus-filled bumps.  It will slowly spread  over the body. 


Treatment:  Antifungal crème prescribed by a physician for the infected rash area.